"No one is busy farming", and the process of "replacing people with machines" in agriculture is accelerating.
who is planting grain today? Who will be a farmer in the future
"no one is busy in agriculture", and the process of "replacing people by machines" in agriculture has accelerated.
rural public newspaper
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at the end of May, Henan, a major grain producing province, has entered a busy summer harvest season. In Jiaozhuang village, Tanghe County, Henan Province, Guo gaisheng, a farmer wearing a black dress and gray high-heeled sandals, easily waved a shovel to smooth the dried wheat. Behind her, more than 60 mu of wheat fields were quietly in the sun. NatureWorks extracted glucose from corn starch as the raw material for Ingeo production, glittering with gold - except for a few harvesters shuttling nervously, there were few working farmers in the vast fields
in recent years, during the peak period of planting or harvest, the author conducted a random survey on the effective travel of electronic tensile machines sold in the current market in Henan, Hebei and Shanxi. In the main grain producing areas such as East China and Anhui, more and more scenes like "busy farming without people" have appeared, which is quite different from the busy and hard-working images of planting and harvesting in the eyes of urban people
"busy farming without people"
beside a 21-shot salute in zhuandian Town, Xincai County, Henan Province, Chen Lai, a 63 year old farmer, carried his hands on his back and looked at the distant roaring harvester accompanied by his daughter Chenxiaolan. A few days ago, Chen Lai hurt her leg. Chenxiaolan hurried back from Guangzhou to help her father harvest wheat. But I didn't expect that before I got to the wheat field, the 13 Mu wheat in my family was almost finished
"now it's all mechanized, and there's really no need for people to harvest wheat." Chenxiaolan wanted to take the sickle to the corner where the machine couldn't reach, but she didn't expect the harvester to be clean. In addition, the wheat was sold to grain brokers on the land and became an important pawn in the group's layout of the East China market in less than five years, which made her deeply moved
in fact, no matter spring farming, summer harvest or autumn harvest, what we see in the farmland at present are all modern agricultural tools, and the old agricultural tools such as "ploughing, raking and centring" have become rare
there are more relaxed than Chen Lai's. Yu Dejun, a farmer in Zhoukou City, and his family are all working in Hubei. The 8 mu of land in his family is entrusted to an agricultural machinery cooperative. When 400 yuan is paid for one mu of land, the cooperative will provide the whole process service from planting to collection. Yu German army didn't even return to his hometown. The wheat yield in the field not only steadily exceeded 550 kg per mu, but also 8000 yuan of wheat money was directly hit on his bank card
nowadays, "busy farming without people" has become the norm in many parts of the country. In Xinjiang, during the busy farming season of spring ploughing and sowing, there are few busy farmers in the fields. Instead, the "smart agricultural machinery" with Beidou navigation seeding is used; In Shandong, a large grain grower can harvest more than 560 mu of wheat in three days by using a harvester; In Hebei, the harvester progress is very fast, and the operation data can be transmitted to the person in charge of the agricultural machinery cooperative in real time
according to the statistics of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas, in 2018, it took only 17 days for the large-scale cross regional wheat harvest to reach 80% of the progress from the start, and the daily machine harvest area exceeded 20million mu in five days, a record high. This year, the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas predicts that 16.3 million agricultural machinery will be put into "three summer" production nationwide, including 640000 combine harvesters and 270000 cross regional operation combine harvesters
"wheat leave" has become history
Ren Xishan, who has worked in grass-roots agricultural departments for 35 years, still remembers that until the late 1990s, when wheat harvest came, there were "wheat leave" in rural schools, and many units and enterprises also took holidays to let employees go home to collect wheat
"busy summer is not busy, but busy wheat is tired and heartbroken." Qinxiaofeng, a 58 - year-old farmer, recalled the scene of the wheat harvest in the past and felt bitter and tired. Qinxiaofeng said that it was time to harvest the wheat. The big things had to be put aside. The whole family went down to the ground at 4 a.m. every day until dark, and even reaped and sowed for a month
in recent years, with the advancement of urbanization, a large number of rural labor forces have been transferred, and the post-60s farmers are gradually getting old. The rural areas are faced with the problem of "the Post-70s are unwilling to farm, the post-80s are unable to farm, the post-90s do not mention farming, and the post-00s have never landed". Through large-scale "machine replacement", China's agriculture has not only alleviated the problem of labor shortage, but also greatly improved production efficiency
the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of agriculture and rural areas said that at present, China's agricultural production has shifted from mainly relying on human and animal resources to mainly relying on mechanical power, and entered a new stage dominated by mechanizationOver the past 20 years, the main wheat producing areas in China have made a historic leap forward in the whole process of mechanization. From the south to the north, agricultural machinery operators have used the "agricultural time difference" to create a "cross regional joint operation" mode, opening up a huge agricultural machinery service market Guotiancai, a wheat expert, said that this year's government work report pointed out that it is necessary to promote the whole process mechanization of agriculture, cultivate new business entities such as family farms and farmers' cooperatives, and strengthen socialized services for small farmers. The road of scale, intensification and mechanization is the direction of China's agriculture in the future, and grain output and farmers' income will be further improved
(Xinhua news agency, Zhengzhou, June 3)